The worlds most immense mountain range
The Himalaya moutain ranges
Himalaya is part of a system of parallell mountain ranges. This chain developed during the kritera and tretiar era. Time has produced a mountain range torn apart by deep and narrow valleys. From Transhimalaya in Tibet, Himalaya is divided by the elongated valleys where the rivers Indus and Brahmaputra connect. Even the river Gagnes has its origins in the Himalayas.
The large mountain chain creates a sharp border between climates, the tropical Indien, the heavily percipitated monsun climate and the dry and wintery Central Asian area. The snow level lies between 4500 and 6000m, forest area at apx. 1000m lower. Below the main chain the mountains are covered by forest and are made up of steep formations. On the percipitative southside tropical plants grow along with sub-tropical rain forests up to about 2500m height. Further up forests with birch, oak and different pine-forest. In these areas exist a rich wild life where such animals as leopards, tigers and elephants can be found. The north-side which gives very little percipitation exists mainly of desert or steppe.
It is only the higher portions of
Himalaya that have a genuine alpine character. This
distinct ice region rises 3000 - 4000m above the front
part of Himalaya. In this fantastic mountain range some
of the worlds highest mountains can be found, where no
less than 14 of them are 8000m or higher and apx. 30 of
them above 7600m. A common feature amoungst these
mountains are the 2000-3000m peaks, along with high ice
covered walls that are vertically shaped into the
valleys. A known example of one of the walls is the
The moisturous tropical air masses from the Indien Ocean releases its precipitation on Himalayas southern slopes. Even though the winter is a very dry period, an average of 6000 mm rain is measured per year. This causes the south side of Himalaya to be one of the worlds rainiest and most populated areas in the world. Intensive farming is the main occupation. The northern slope in contrast to the southern slopes which exists of rain forests one can find wintery dry steppe which is not vey populated at all.
Himalaya is not very populated. The mountain people live on agriculture and stock-farming. In the higher mountain ranges they regularly move the stock between different pastures. I these isolated areas the myth of the "snow man" still exists. On the slopes of Himalaya towards India several well known resorts such as Simla and Darjeeling exist, here one can escape from the burning hot flatlands.
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